Category Archives: F

Federal Policing in Indian Country

Federal Policing in Indian Country

Federal Policing in Indian Country

In line with Dorothy H. Bracey

about Federal Policing in Indian Country in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Native Americans have a unique relationship with the government of the United States of America. On the one hand, tribes are considered sovereign nations that enjoy a government-to-government relationship with federal authorities. On the other hand, Indians are considered wards of the government whose assets must be held in trust for them. The tension between these two views of Indian nations affects every aspect of their government. Law enforcement is a prominent example. Chapter 18, section 1151 of the United States of America Code defines Indian Country as any land granted by treaty or allotment to Nations, tribes, reservations, communities, colonies, or individuals and recognized as such by the federal government. Today there are close to 300 federally recognized reservations and communities. Relocation policies dating from the 1800s have caused some reservations to be shared by two or more tribes.

Federal Jurisdiction

Federal Jurisdiction

Federal Jurisdiction about Crimes

In line with Mary Gibbons

about Federal Jurisdiction in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Both the state and the federal governments have the authority to define conduct as criminal as well as to prosecute and punish such conduct. The authority of the federal government to establish federal crimes (there is more information about criminal law in the American Legal Encyclopedia and about crimes and criminals vocabulary) is found in the United States Constitution, which identified, or enumerated, certain powers to be within the province of the federal government, while reserving all other powers to the state governments. This fundamental principle underlying the division of authority between federal government and the states is reflected in the traditional distinctions between their separate spheres of criminal jurisdiction. Although states exercise a general criminal jurisdiction based on the common law system, the federal government, and the federal judiciary in particular, is limited to acting upon authority of the United States Constitution and acts of Congress in furtherance of the United States Constitution. Federal crimes (there is more information about criminal law in the American Legal Encyclopedia and about crimes and criminals vocabulary) are prosecuted in the federal court system. The United States Constitution established a United States

Florida v. Bostick

Florida v. Bostick

Florida v. Bostick as a Leading U.S. Case

Florida v. Bostick is one of the leading United States Supreme Court decisions impacting law enforcement in the United States, and, in this regards, Florida v. Bostick may be a case reference for attorneys and police officers. As a leading case, this entry about Florida v. Bostick tries to include facts, relevant legal issues, and the Court's decision and reasoning. The significance of Florida v. Bostick is also explained, together with the relevance of Florida v. Bostick impact on citizens and law enforcement.

Citation of Florida v. Bostick

501 U.S. 429 (1991)

Federal Drug Seizure System

Federal Drug Seizure System

Federal Drug Seizure System

In line with Aviva Twersky-Glasner

about Federal Drug Seizure System in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The Federal Drug Seizure System is the power of the federal government to seize property if it is used, or intended to be used, in any manner or part, to commit or to facilitate the commission of a drug crime. Federal drug seizure statutes were first enacted by Congress in 1970. However, it was the passage of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984, part of the increased focus on the War on Drugs during the administration of President Ronald Reagan, that significantly strengthened the abilities of the government to seize property or assets if there was probable cause to assume that the property or asset in question was being used for the commission of drug crimes (there is more information about criminal law in the American Legal Encyclopedia and about crimes and criminals vocabulary).

Federal

Federal

Federal

In line with The Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (ACJS) was established in 1963 as a forum for academic researchers and those in the criminal justice professions to focus on the study of crime and criminal behavior. Consistent with its initial purpose, ACJS remains a strong influential body that shapes criminal justice education, research, and policy analyses by promoting professional and scholarly activities in the field of criminal justice. Criminal justice education, research, and policy are the foci of the organization. ACJS supports the only journal dedicated to criminal justice education, has developed a set of minimum standards for criminal justice programs, and has established an academic peer review committee that conducts program reviews of criminal justice departments and programs. Debates have also centered on the merits of having criminal justice programs accredited.

about Federal in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Forensic Art

Forensic Art

Forensic Art

In line with Diane T. Shkutzko-Penola

about Forensic Art in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Forensic art can be considered a combination of art and science. Art is the subjective element, applying human talent, knowledge, and discretion. The artist uses scientific principles of anatomy and physiology, as well as documented research findings, to create a product that aids the legal process. The information is expressed visually rather than verbally. The forensic artist can turn a victim's description into a picture to be circulated in the media or an unidentified body into an image recognizable by family members. The finished product may be a representation of a victim or an offender. Forensic art is of particular importance in the identification process-missing persons, suspects in crimes (there is more information about criminal law in the American Legal Encyclopedia and about crimes and criminals vocabulary) against persons, and unknown human remains. The human face is the most frequently depicted focus. The need for the recording of facial features was recognized by Dr. Alphonse Bertillon in the late 1800s.

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

Federal Law Enforcement Training Center

In line with Candido Cubero

about Federal Law Enforcement Training Center in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC), established in 1970 as a bureau of the Department of the Treasury, is the primary organization for training all federal law enforcement personnel. It provides basic and advanced training to uniformed and investigatory personnel employed by more than 75 federal law enforcement agencies. Throughout the 1990s, FLETC graduated about 25,000 students annually. In 2003, FLETC was moved from the Department of the Treasury into the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). Initially located in temporary space in the Washington, D.C., area, planners envisioned that permanent space would be found nearby. Construction delays resulted in the selection of the former Glynco Naval Air Station as a permanent location in May 1975. Training began there in September 1975 and the facility has been in constant use ever since. Glynco is located near Brunswick, Georgia, between Savannah, Georgia, and Jacksonville, Florida.

Florida v. Wells

Florida v. Wells

Florida v. Wells as a Leading U.S. Case

Florida v. Wells is one of the leading United States Supreme Court decisions impacting law enforcement in the United States, and, in this regards, Florida v. Wells may be a case reference for attorneys and police officers. As a leading case, this entry about Florida v. Wells tries to include facts, relevant legal issues, and the Court's decision and reasoning. The significance of Florida v. Wells is also explained, together with the relevance of Florida v. Wells impact on citizens and law enforcement.

Citation of Florida v. Wells

495 U.S. 1 (1989)

Fingerprints

Fingerprints

Fingerprints

In line with Simon A. Cole

about Fingerprints in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Fingerprints are representations of the papillary, or “friction,” ridges on the tips of the fingers. Fingerprint identification is the world's most widely used and widely known method of criminal identification. In law enforcement, it has two primary functions: archival (using the impressions of the complete set of fingerprints, or “ten-prints,” to link an individual to his or her criminal record, even if that individual uses an alias, over the course of a lifetime) and forensic (using one or more impressions left at a crime scene to determine that an individual was present at the crime scene). There are also ancillary functions, such as the identification of an unknown corpse.

Food and Drug Administration

Food and Drug Administration

Food and Drug Administration

In line with Lorine Swainston Goodwin

about Food and Drug Administration in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services with broad regulatory, investigatory, and educative duties intended to protect the health and safety of American (United States) consumers. It administers the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act of 1938 and certain related laws. Its mission was updated by the FDA Modernization Act of 1997 and its jurisdiction is under continuous definition and expansion. In the wake of the September 11, 2001, and subsequent terrorist attacks, Congress has enhanced the FDA's resources by allocating funds to hire additional employees to ensure the safety of both domestically manufactured and imported products. The FDA embodies eight centers, each with specific duties: the Centers of Biologic Evaluation and Research, Devices and Radiological Health, Drug Evaluation and Research, Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, Veterinary Medicine, Toxicological Research, and Offices of the Commissioner and of Regulatory Affairs.