Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention

Crime Prevention Units

In line with Steven P. Lab

about Crime Prevention in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Throughout most of history, preventing crime and responding to criminal behavior was the purview of the victim, his or her family, and community residents. There was no police force (or criminal justice system, for that matter) as we know it today. The earliest responses to crime included retribution and revenge on the part of the victim and his or her family. Indeed, the earliest laws outlined the role of the victim in addressing crimes (there is more information about criminal law in the American Legal Encyclopedia and about crimes and criminals vocabulary). The Code of Hammurabi (approximately 1900 BCE), for example, outlined retribution by the victim and/or the family as the accepted response to injurious behavior. Lex talionis , the principle of “an eye for an eye,” was specifically set forth as a driving principle in the Hammurabic law. Such laws and practices provided legitimacy to individual citizen action. The existence of formal systems of social control is relatively new.

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