Interstate Commerce Commission

Interstate Commerce Commission

Interstate Commerce Commission

In line with Gretchen Gross

about Interstate Commerce Commission in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) was established in 1887 as an independent agency of the federal government with the responsibility for regulating railroads and water carriers. During the 108 years of its existence, the ICC's jurisdiction grew to include all surface forms of transportation including bus lines, railroads, trucking companies, water carriers, freight forwarders, and transportation brokers. In 1995, Congress abolished the ICC and transferred some of the functions and staff to the Department of Transportation. Regulatory responsibilities had been reduced by Congress during the previous 15 years. The workforce of more than 2,000 employees had been reduced to around 400 employees by 1995. The history of the ICC is important to the study of law enforcement because many precedent-setting court cases were brought by the ICC against transportation companies. Law enforcement professionals investigated irregularities in the practices of transportation companies.

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