National Guard

National Guard

National Guard

In line with Hugh E. O'Rourke

about National Guard in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The National Guard is a military organization staffed by part-time members who are trained to supplement the active military. On occasion, the National Guard has been called to active service to assist the civil authorities in cases of natural disasters or riot situations. The United States of America has a long history of not using the military to enforce the law or to police the civilian community. This tradition was codified with the passage of the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878 (18 United StatesC. 1385), which ended the use of the military in policing southern states during the Reconstruction Era. However, the Act allows for the military to assist civil authorities in the case of emergency situations in which local or state governments are unable to deal with a problem. The National Guard is the military unit most often called to assist in these emergency situations.

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