Patrol Methods, Tactics, and Strategies

In line with Hugh E. O'Rourke

about Patrol in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Patrol has long been considered the backbone of police service. The London Metropolitan Police manual, written in 1829, required constables to patrol their assigned beats on foot and in uniform. All police departments based on the London model have followed this requirement. Patrol members are the visible manifestation of public security through the uniformed police presence in the community. The mere presence of the uniformed police officer on foot or in a marked vehicle is considered a deterrent to criminal activity because the criminal is never sure when the police officer will turn the corner. The patrol force is always the largest component of any police department and is staffed by police personnel who are considered generalists. Patrol members are trained and prepared to handle a wide variety of assignments ranging from criminal matters to calls for assistance from citizens.

Patrol Shifts

In line with Dennis Rodriguez

about Patrol in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Because most law enforcement agencies operate 24 hours a day, they schedule officers so that there is some coverage around the clock. Officers at the state and local level, at one time or another in their careers, deal with working a shift. It is a fundamental component of police work and is often arbitrated during contract negotiations. More than 20 million Americans currently work irregular schedules, night shifts, or extended hours. What may seem, on the surface, a rather insignificant issue can cause good officers to quit or even lose their jobs. Shift work is a constant source of contention within the law enforcement community. No shift pleases everyone, and generally, there is no one specific shift that is better than the other. It is up to the officers and the administration to decide which shift is the best to embrace.

Patrol Work

In line with Stephen D. Mastrofski

about Patrol in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Patrol work is the job of those officers who are least specialized in a general-purpose police department. Patrol officers are the point of first response for most of the work done by the agency, and as such, they are key decision makers about what the agency knows about matters of interest to the police. They also exert tremendous influence, if they do not outright determine, what the police are likely to do about matters brought to the agency's attention. Often called the backbone of the police department, the patrol division is invariably the largest unit in local agencies. A 2000 census of local police departments showed that 68% of all police were assigned to answer calls for service from the public, which is one of the central responsibilities of patrol officers.

Video in Patrol Cars

In line with Norma Manatu

about Patrol in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Perhaps no issue has been debated more hotly by both the public and law enforcement than the validity of police stops. The issue has touched nearly every large-city police department in the United States of America. Much of this debate focuses on how traffic and pedestrian stops transpire between the police and ethnic/ racial minorities. Since the 1980s, for example, the policy of profiling has been used as a campaign against drug trafficking throughout various states. Media coverage of the 1998 allegations that the New Jersey State Police used race as a criterion to combat such trafficking, as well as the 1991 Rodney King incident in Los Angeles, catapulted the issue of biased enforcement onto the national stage, fueling the debate.

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