Swat Teams

In line with Jeff Rojek & David A. Klinger

about Swat in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The social tumult of the 1960s presented many challenges to American (United States) law enforcement. Protests, riots, rising levels of violence, and other sorts of social problems caught the police off guard and led to many reforms that have helped shape the landscape of policing today. One of the more visible police innovations that emerged from the watershed decade of the 1960s was the advent of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) teams, specially trained and equipped groups of officers that deal with situations that present an elevated degree of danger. The need for such teams was demonstrated most dramatically in 1966, when a young man named Charles Whitman shot almost four dozen people from a perch he took atop a tower on the campus of the University of Texas before an ad hoc group of officers was able to shoot him.

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