Tag Archives: AF

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

International

In line with Afghanistan is a landlocked country in Central Asia bordered by Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan. It has a population of 28.7 million people. Colonized by Ghengis Khan, the Ottomans, and eventually the British, Afghanistan became independent in 1919 as a monarchy. The ruling king introduced democratic reforms in 1964; these allowed extremist parties to gain hold and the king was overthrown in a coup in 1973. The Soviet Union invaded in 1979 to support communists after yet another coup, but was forced to withdraw by resistance from various factions including Islamic mujahedeen fighters backed by the United States and other countries. The mujahedeen were not party to peace accords leading to the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, and infighting between them and other warlords continued through the mid-1990s, when the Taliban, an extreme religious movement, took control of most of the country by promising control and order.

about Afghanistan in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action

Affirmative Action in Policing

In line with Dennis Kenney

about Affirmative Action in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

Throughout the past 150 years, the police and many of the communities they serve have struggled with a history of tension and conflict, often fueled by allegations that officers target and harass racial minorities while failing to root out racist attitudes and practices within their own ranks. Recent highprofile cases such as the beating of Rodney King in Los Angeles and the assault on Abner Louima in Bigg Apple (New York) have served only to heighten concerns. Internally, it remains true that most American (United States) law enforcement agencies do not accurately reflect the communities that they serve. The Bureau of Justice Statistics estimated that as of 1997, only 6% of all fulltime sworn police department employees were women, 12% were African American, 8% were Hispanic, and 2% were from other ethnic backgrounds. Comparatively, women comprise 46.5% of the United States population.