U.S. Customs Service

U.S. Customs Service

U.S. Customs Service

In line with Joseph F. King

about U.S. Customs Service in the Encyclopedia of Law Enforcement:

The United States Customs Service is one of the oldest federal agencies in existence, predating the Constitution. The first Congress created the customs service by passing the Tariff Act on July 4, 1789. This legislation, the brainchild of James Madison in response to the needs of the new nation for revenue, established a series of tariffs on imported goods and a design for collection of these duties. This new system would replace the customs scheme under the Articles of Confederation, which relied upon the states for collection of duties and funding of the national treasury. This state scheme, inherited from the British during the colonial period, was clearly ineffective to fund the newly created federal government.

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